Importance’s Of Fertilizers
Aeration is the process of puncturing ,perforating ,creating small holes through the soils which enhances better penetration of oxygen, water and nutrients in the soil which improves plants growth.
Fertilizers are natural or synthetic materials added to the soil, plants or part of the plant which improves the growth, fertilization and yielding of the plants, this is achieved by either the fertilizers providing nutrients or enhancing effectiveness of the soil to aerate or increase its water retention.
Maximum production of yield is achieved through supplying enough nutrients in the soil, improving aeration in the soil and water retention and is aeration can be done by adjustment of soil composition.
Different nutrients have different purposes on the plants ,potassium gives strong growth, promotes flowering ;nitrogen gives plants better leaf growth while phosphorus enables in root ,flower and seed development.
As much as fertilizers improve soils fertility and yield production, they should be applied regarding some factors like the type of soil and plants as some can make their own nutrients from the atmosphere like legumes.
For higher yielding and productions, aeration of the soil and application of fertilizers should be the first priority as they increase plants and root growth; supply of oxygen to the roots and removal of carbon dioxide is very essential for healthy plant growth. Because of inadequate oxygen supply in the soils, plants may retard or completely die when carbon dioxide accumulates fully.
The rate of microbial activity in the soil is determined by how well the soil is aerated as these microorganism require oxygen as they are still living things.
Poor aeration in the soil may lead to formation of toxic materials in the soil, this results to development of injurious substances such as ferrous oxide or carbon dioxide as these gases no way to get out; this might lead to abrupt dying of plant or affecting flowering of the crops.
Fertilizers assist to increase yields and promote healthy growth of plants; plants which have been well cultivated and given the correct type of fertilizers end up giving higher yields. In fact some nutrients like phosphorus in fertilizers aids in the faster formation of seeds and root development.
Strengthening of straws and stalks by nutrients like potassium will help the plants to hold water in cases of drought or lack of water to the plants.
Fertility of soils is determined by how the soil is aerated and how much fertilizer is in that soil. Fertilizer’s function is to improve fertility and texture and fertilizers like manure serves the best soil enhancer eradicating soil problems.
Fertilizers give farms a long-lasting ability to yield and produce well as one application might run for a longer period boosting yields even for more than one season. Manures are the best as they are natural.